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Ian Caldwell presents his genealogy
with the linked families of Gibson, Tribe, McPhedran, Willment, Paynter, Wilson, Newman, Korzen, French, Hollway, Garrett, Turner, Jekyll, Coleman, Muir, etc.

Ian William Robert Caldwell, b. Harrow-on-the-Hill, 22/7/1942 married Anna Jadwiga Zofia Korzen, b. Jaffa, Palestine 15th March 1944, married on 13th April 1963, there are three children of this marriage - Anthony Mark (b.21/10/63), Sasha Karen (b.31/7/65) and Jonathan Stephen Tristram, (b.10/12/67);

Married to Gabrielle MacPhedran (b. 13/10/41) on 22nd February 1971; there are three children of this marriage: Christopher Edward MacPhedran,(b.15/11/72) Toby John MacPhedran (b.16/5/74) and Nemone Catherine MacPhedran, (b.19/9/77).

Married for the third time to Gillian Candlish Willment (nee Tribe) on 26th October 1988. Gillian has two children by her marriage to Clive Willment: Victoria Ruth Willment, (b.1/1/68) and James Thornton Robert Willment, (b.25/3/72).

Parents: of Ian Caldwell - John Thomas Caldwell (b.26/12/1901) and Helen Turner Wilson, (b.18/7/1914) married in 1941. John Caldwell was born in Richmond, Melbourne, Australia on 26th December 1901, the son of Thomas Frederick Caldwell and Catherine Mary Gibson; Helen Turner Wilson was born on 18th July 1914, the daughter of Dr.William Mitchell Turner Wilson and Edith May Paynter.

Are we related? Is your great-grandfather our mother's cousin's grandma's nephew once removed? There's only one way to find out . . . . In this list, names and dates are shown of recent ancestors.

Ian William Robert Caldwell, b.1942
John Thomas Caldwell 1901-1970
Thomas Frederick Caldwell b.19/2/1883-14/10/1959
Thomas Drummond Caldwell b.1848 Glasgow - d.1910 Melbourne
Hannah Wiliams b.1857 Geelong, Victoria, Australia
John Williams, farmer, Australia
Mary Anne Pulling, Australia
Peter Caldwell b. Scotland d. Australia

Helen Turner Wilson b.18/7/1914 Scotland-
William Mitchell Turner Wilson b.9/7/1882 Glasgow-d.1955 Wembley Middx
William Wilson (sugar broker, Glasgow) 1837-1930
Rev.Robert McNair Turner Wilson, of Maryhill, Glasgow 1799-1874
John Wilson, Tarbolton, Ayrshire

Helen Hanna Turner, Kelvin Grove, Glasgow 11/6/1854
William Mitchell Turner

Elizabeth Angus b.1829 Glasgow, Lanark

Catherine Mary Gibson, b.Australia 10/3/1871-2/10/1953
James Gibson, tailor, b.1854 Scotland, d.1875 Melbourne, Australia
Eliza Eleanora Hollway b.1848 Oxford, England-d.1945 Melbourne Australia
James Gibson b.1814-d.12/7/1888 Haugh of Urr, Kirkcudbright, Scotland
Catherine McGaw, d.3/4/1874 Haugh of Urr, Scotland

Edith May Paynter, b.27/5/1889 Alnwick, Northumberland- d.1982 Middlesex
Henry Augustus Paynter, b.2/4/1846 Cornwall d.16/5/1919 Somerset
Henrietta Newman, b.1849/50 Yeovil Somerset-d.10/12/1914 Alnwick
Edwin Newman b.1804 Milbourne Port, Somerset- d.1884 Yeovil, Somerset
Catherine Jekyll b.1807 West Coker, Somerset-d.1876
Catherine Coleman b.1811 Church Stretton, Shropshire-d.1880



Francis Paynter of Clarence House, Penzance (1789-1863) was a solicitor and judge of the Hundred Court. He married Catherine Augusta Coleman (1811-1880) at the parish church of Martock, Somerset on 9th June 1840. There were eight children of the marriage. Francis evidently got into financial trouble latterly for he went bankrupt and it is alleged that he appropriated money belonging to the estate.

Clarence House is situated in Clarence street, Penzance. It was a large manor house in its own grounds but was sold in Francis Paynter's time and became a high school.

They had seven sons:

(1).Francis Edward Paynter b.27/3/1841, married Kathleen O'Halloran.

(2)Charles Paulet Paynter b.12/4/1842-d.12/8/1863

(3)John de Cambourne Paynter b.10/5/1844- m.4/8/1875 to Margaret Pattinson, died 3/9/1915, lived in Alnwick and worked with his brother, Henry.

(4)Henry Augustus Paynter b.2/4/1846, m.11th April 1867 to Henrietta Jekyll Newman, she died 10/12/1914 and he died in 1919. He worked as a solicitor in Alnwick and more of them later.

(5)Rev Thomas Beville Paynter, born 28/11/1847, m.20/5/1873 to his cousin Harriet Emma (Fanny) Baker, and they lived at How Caple, Hereford. He died 4/2/1917.

(6)William Rouse Paynter b.9/7/1849 d.28/6/1866.

(7)James Bernard Paynter of Hendford Manor, Yeovil Somerset, b.28/12/1850, m. Maude Josephine Becton, 4th daughter of Joseph Becton. He died in 1927. My grandmother did not like him as she felt he had taken over her mother's family home. He came to live at Hendford Manor because his mother married Edwin Newman , Henrietta's father, after they had both been widowed.

(8)Frederick Octavius Paynter b.1854, d.1871.




Henry Augustus Paynter and Henrietta Newman had twelve children, most of whom had children, so there are many descendants who may be interested to see their cousins on this site. I shall try to give as many of these descendants here:

(1)Henrietta Catherine Charlotte was the oldest child, born in 1868. She married Manly Kingsmill Manly Power in 1891 and they lived at the Manor of Aston Ingham, Ross. They had two children: Kingsmill Many Power and a daughter, Catherine Blanche. Manly Kingsmill Manly Power died in 1917 and Catherine married again, to William Thompson of Aston Court, Ross, Hereford. Kingsmill Manly Power married Lisa Frances Guise by whom he had two children, Manly and Charlotte. Kingsmill and his wife lived at Berkeley Square, Mayfair. Their son, Manly Power lives in Hatfield, Herts. Catherine's daughter, Kathleen, married Eric Taylor Jacques, by whom she had a son.

(2)William Foster Paynter (Bill) was born in 1870. He joined the merchant navy at the age of 16, bound to C.Nicholson on 25/11/1885 for 4 years. He set sail on the sailing ship Cumeria on a voyage from London to Melbourne and " any port or places in Australia, New Zealand, India, China, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, West India, America, trading backwards and forwards as the master may require until the return of the vessel to a final port of discharge in the United Kingdom. Voyage not to exceed three years." The voyage in fact ended on March 27th 1888, at North Shields (mouth of the river Tyne, some 35 miles South of Alnwick, having started in London in 1886. William had hated it and asked his father if he could leave. His father said he should go on one more voyage but if he still hated it then he could leave. He set sail on the Cumeria on 20th April 1888 on a voyage to Valparaiso but the ship sank rounding the Cape of Good Hope on 12/6/1888 and he was presumed drowned but his body was never found. His mother always laid an extra place at the table every Christmas for him as she never knew for certain he was dead.

(3)Henry Ernest Paynter (Ernest) b.1869, trained as a solicitor but went off to Canada as a fur trapper and married a chorus girl. The marriage was soon a failure. He worked at fur trapping and intended to save enough money to return to England and live with his unmarried sister, Eva, with whom he had a good relationship. He had almost saved enough but injured his back when he dived from a bridge to rescue a drowning child and had to use up his savings when he was hospitalised as a result of his injury. He never left Canada and later died by being run over by a truck.

(4)Frederick Paynter 1872-1945, was interested in poultry. He married May Stephens in 1912. They eventually lived in May's parents home, Downe House, on Richmond Hill which was bought by Mick Jagger in 1991 and is now lived in by his ex-wife, Jerry Hall. Frederick wrote a book called "How to Make Poultry Pay" and invented a device called "The Night Ark" for poultry. They had two children: Marion and Rachel. Rachel married David Dixon and they have three sons: David John, Michael Paul, and Dr.Nigel Patrick. Marion lives in Edinburgh and Rachel, who has been mayor of Richmond, lives in Richmond with her husband David, but lower down the hill.

(5)Lilian Jekyll Paynter (Lily) was born in 1873 (baptised 12/12/1873) and married her cousin, Walter Newman. They lived at Northwood, Middlesex and Walter worked as a solicitor in London at 1 Clements Inn. They had two children: Harold Ernest Montague Newman born 1900, who died in 1991, and a daughter, Aline Lilian Newman (1907-1978). Harold shot an Ovis Ammon, a very large wild sheep, in the foothills of the Himalayas, the head of which I have given to my son, Jonathan. Lily had a pet monkey which had been an organ grinders monkey. Every summer Henrietta would hold a fete at Freelands and the organ grinder would come with his monkey. When he retired he gave the monkey to Henrietta, who gave it to her daughter, Lily, and when the monkey died she had it stuffed. I have given the stuffed monkey to my son Christopher. Harold Newman had a daughter, Jane Newman (1930-1947), a daughter Daphne Veronica Newman born 1944, who lives in Greece, and a son, Christopher John Edwin Newman, born 1946, who lived in Beijing, China, where he is responsible for the treatment of stored grain. He married Patricia Margaret Findlay by whom he has two daughters and a son who live in Australia, and he is now divorced. Chris Newman has an excellent Newman family web site whose address is:


and it is well worth a look if you are interested in family history.

(6)Evelyn Paynter (Eva) born 1876 died 1943, was perhaps the plainest of the daughters and never married. She tied fishing flies for Hardy's of Alnwick and had a great friend, Miss Smith, who she went to live with later. She met Miss Smith at Torquay when she was there for health reasons - she had rheumatic fever. Miss Smith was a General's daughter who had been with her father in India. A young officer had been interested in her but she went riding one day and her hat fell off. She didn't bother about it and continued her ride bareheaded and got sunstroke. This apparently left a permanent effect on her and she walked with her feet splayed outwards (according to my mother, Helen Caldwell). The young officer lost interest in her and Miss Smith never married. She and Eva spent the winters in Torquay and lived in a small house in Herne Bay. Miss Smith was very proud of her garden which, according to my mother, who remembers it as a child, was small and dank and there were sheep teeth and small sheep jaws in the flower beds. My mother and her brother and sister often used to stay with Eva and Miss Smith at Easter when they were children. Aunt Eva was kind, though poor, and used to make them meringues for tea on Sundays.

(7)Winifred Paynter, (Winnie) 1879-1943, was married to Robert McNair Wilson (Bertie) who was practising medicine at Glanton, not far from Alnwick. Edith (a younger sister) was very fond of Bertie's brother, William Mitchell Turner Wilson, (Willie) who had obtained his degree in Medicine and Surgery from Glasgow University in July 1907. Edith did not marry William until 1913. Doris Wilson, Bertie and Willie's sister, never married, and their brother Michael, was killed in the First World War.

Winnie was a nurse which was how she met Bertie. She was older than him and not good at showing her emotions. She often put Bertie down in front of others (Don't smarm me Bertie!"). Willie's nickname for her was 'Flatus". They had three sons, William (Billy), John, (Buzza) and Robert (Bobby), but eventually their marriage failed. Bertie fell in love with Doris Fishel who was a much younger woman working as a nursing auxiliary (V.A.D.) during the 1914-18 War. She thought Bertie wonderful, which was what he needed. Bertie put Winnie up in a house in Uckfield with her three sons while they sorted out a divorce. Eventually Winnie and her youngest son, Bobby, went to live in Canada with Bill Afleck. The two other sons stayed in England. Bertie married Doris Fishel and had two more sons, Patrick and Michael McNair Wilson, who both went to Eton and both became Conservative MP's and they were both knighted.

Dr.William McNair Wilson, (Billy) 1908-1990, married Mona Webster when he was still a medical student and she was a telephonist. They had three children: James, Margaret and Hazel. Hazel married Andrew Burt and had a pottery at Fearnen by Aberfeldy, Perthshire, they had three children.

Billy divorced Mona and re-married Muriel High (Mimi) and they had seven children:

(1)Felicity, b.1936, who married Brian Innes of the Temperance 7 and they had a son, Simon, who married Emma. She divorced Brian and re-married John, a farmer. Felicity loves horses and riding, but has split up with John and is now with a farmer and into line dancing (according to Jane).

(2)William b.1938, who went to Africa and married Diedre Mullen then discovered that she was a second cousin, by whom he had two children James (b.1972) and Jenny (b.1975). She died of cancer and he re-married Gill Turner whose father Ian Turner, is a botanist who goes to Colombia. He is a Scot and his wife is a Matabele woman and between them they have eleven children. William and Gill have a daughter, Sarah Jane, born in 1992.

(3)Victoria who was married, then divorced and is married (2) to Gavin Leslie. He is a trouble shooter for a recycling company.

(4).Elizabeth (Lizzie or Liz), had a child by Valentine Thynne,(brother of the Marquis of Bath) Caroline, who married Chris Flewitt (who has recently died) and they had a son, Max. Liz married Rupert Alcock and they had a daughter, Lucia (Lucy) who is very beautiful and lives in Wales with her son Luke. Liz had another daughter, Joanna (Jojo). Liz died of cancer some years ago now, which was very sad. Valentine also sadly committed suicide when Caroline was just getting to know him, which was tragic.

(5)Rosemary who married John Prior and they have three sons, Jason, Nicholas and Daniel.

(6)Stephen, a teacher who lives in Frinton, Essex, and married (1)Vivien, who died of cancer, and (2)a German girl and they have two children,Hamish and a daughter.

(7)Patricia (Tish) who married (i)Mike and had two children, Esmeralda and Guy, and (2)Andre Brown. Tish is doing illustration as a watercolour painter.

Billy divorced Muriel leaving her in 1965 for Jane Dickinson and the two of them went off to Australia where they had two sons, Robert b.14/8/1966, and James b.29/10/1968. Robert lives in Spain where he teaches English as a foreign language; and James is living in Southsea, Hampshire, but intends to go to Thailand in April 2002.

After Billy's death, Jane married again, to Dean Nicholas Cummins, and lived in the Republic of Ireland but is now living in Petersfield, Hampshire, England. Jane had been married before she met Billy, to Brian Peters but he was unfaithful to her and she was not happy so left him.

Winifred's second son, Captain John Wilson (Buzza), married Joan and they had three children. (1)Mary, who married a vet and went to live in Canada but they split up and she now lives with another man who runs a bird sanctuary in Canada where there are snow geese. (2) Joanna, who was a nurse. She married David, a mental patient whom she had nursed, and he murdered her. (3)Simon who has married Anne, who had been married previously and has three grown up children. They live by the Shannon in Ireland in a straw bale house and keep about 5,000 free range chickens, cattle and goats. He is an organic farmer.
Robert Wilson (Bobby), Winifred's third son, was in the army during the Second World War and was injured in action in Italy, damaging his arm. He received compensation for his injury and eventually went to live in Canada with his mother, Winifred. Here he married Olive Plain when she was in her early 40's and they had no children. My mother tells me he was good to Olive's parents when they were elderly.

(8)Edwin Coleman Paynter (Jum) born 1881, married Margaret Ludlow, who was a governess at Freelands. Their eldest daughter is Edwina. Jum fought in the Boer War and then emigrated to Canada. He settled in West Bank, British Colombia and was responsible for water supplies. There is a lake in British Colombia names Paynter Lake after him.

Jum also had a daughter called Jessica who came to England to study nursing. She married Vernon Yewlet and they had a son, George in about 1940. Tragically Vernon was killed while in the airforce down in Cornwall. Jessica married again, to Arthur (Art) Johnson a charming man (according to my grandmother), who was Henry Paynter's partner in fruit farming and built their house. They has a daughter, Judy. George Yewlett married Ruth and ran a pig farm but the bank pulled the plug on him and took his land. They have five children, two of whom are identical twins, one called Daniel is a vet. Today (8/11/01) I heard the very sad news that George has died of an aneurism at the age of 61. I met him years ago when he was a teenager. Judy married Tom and they have a daughter, Coleen, who is married and has a child who was manageress of a shop. Judy and her husband now lives with Judy's mother.

Jum and Margaret also had a son, Henry Paynter who married Sheila Peach and they have many children and grandchildren. The eldest son, Goeffrey, married ? and they had two sons and a daughter, their son, Nigel, had and accident when a JCB overturned and crushed his legs. Jeffrey married again and his second wife, Marcey? works for Amway and encouraged Jeffrey to break the trust and sell his land for development. Jum and Margaret's son, Henry A.Paynter is nicknamed Hap, and he is married and has two children. Henry and Sheila's daughter, Gillian married Mike Evans and they have a son, Anthony Evans. Henry and Sheila's son Robert(Bobby) has not married. He had rheumatic fever, has changed his name to Farlie, and lives in a geophysical dome and grows Ginseng etc. Henry and Sheila's son David has an artistic wife who illustrates books and they have a daughter aged about 16 and a son. Henry and Sheila's youngest chlid is Alison who married Rod Oliver but they have seperated. They have two children, Jennifer, whose name has been changed to Jennay, and Jeffrey who is at University. Henry and Sheila are fruit farmers, growing apples and peaches and keep bees at Kelowna British Colombia

(9)Violet Paynter (Vi), b.1883, baptised 27/9/1883, married 15/10/1907 to Francis William Lucy Esquire of Weston under Penyard Ross. She had previously been engaged to a much older man in 1899 who had given her a ring which she lost. He made such a fuss about her losing the ring that she broke off the engagement. So she married Frank Lucy, who was also a much older man and they lived in Kent. Frank Lucy had been married before and had three children, Richard, (Dick), Mary and Mardi, by his first wife, who had committed suicide by drowning herself in a lake. His children were much the same age as Vi. One of Vi's first acts on entering the family was to get rid of the cat, which the children had been fond of, but which Vi thought unhygienic.
Dick was in the navy. He found the heat in the Mediterranean intolerable, ran up on the deck and shot himself as he jumped over the side.
Neither Mary nor Mardi got married. Mardi was very quiet and shy. Mary tried several times to commit suicide and eventually succeeded, gassing herself in the oven. Mardi gradually became deranged and quite violent and ended up in a mental hospital.
Vi was always correct and very formal, dressing for dinner, and Frank was very fond of her, often laying his hand affectionately on hers at table. She wore garnets and had striking dark brown hair, even when she was an old woman.
They had several children.

Henry was the eldest. He went to Malaya as a rubber planter. There he married Tommy, an ebullient woman, whose real name I forget. She had a wealthy father who had made money in Singapore. They came to England, probably after Vi died as he inherited the house.

William (Billy) was the second eldest brother. He was handsome and brave. I remember a large oil painting of him in naval uniform on the staircase at Langley Lodge. He was in the Fleet Air Arm during the Second World War. He was decorated for bravery before he was shot and killed in action.

Bernard, the third son, went out to Malaya where he was working in agriculture on the rotation of crops, when he died of a tropical fever before the 1939-45 War.

John (Johnny) was the youngest son, about the same age as my mother and he married very late in life, to Ena Grant ( of Grant's Whiskey - her late husband's business). Johnny worked for the Milk Marketing Board and travelled up to London every day by train

Joyce was the youngest child who married Alan Day, a well-to-do Kent farmer, and they live at Tong Farm, near Headcorn in Kent. They have several children.

(10)Rose Paynter (Rosie), born about 1887 and lived in high society when she was a young woman riding in Rotten Row, Hyde Park and living in Park Lane. She was presented at Court as a debutante and had been engaged to some titled man but she pushed him into a pig trough and they broke off their engagement. She was caught kissing Tom Laing behind a curtain at a party and their engagement was then announced. She married Tom Laing and they went to Canada where life was very different. They ran a horse ranch in Alberta and Rose had to cook for all the hands. It was not a great success and the horses became ill with a virus. Tom apparently took to drink. Rose is supposed to have been the first European woman to cross the Rocky Mountains alone, sharing a cabin with a bear that came in to look for food while she was in bed. She developed purpural fever after childbirth and this affected her mental balance and she died at 36. Rose had four children,Jimmy, Molly, Joyce and Iris.
Jimmy died young. He was sent out into a blizzard to round up horses by his father but got chilled, developed pneumonia and died.
Molliemarried a Mr.Trembath and lived in British Colombia. They had a little son who drowned in a pond aged only 4 and a daughter, Diana who married and lives in Vancouver. Mollie developed diabetes and went blind.
Joyce married Andrew Nowicki and had four children: Iris Sylvia, who married David Evans and had three children, Kevin Evan, Trenton David and Darren Joseph. Iris has been very involved in politics in Alberta and is a very energetic and physically fit person (at least she was some years ago when she visited England) She divorced David.; Loretta Barbara, Joyce and Andrew's second daughter, married David Walker. She visited the Maharishi Shree Rangish's ashram in India some years ago and was given the name Yantra. She has worked for TV and has a dramatic personality; Andrew Allen, a third child of Joyce and Andrew, who works as a gamewarden and married Jo and had two children, Maureen and Jimmy; and the last child of Joyce and Andrew is Kenneth Ross who married Jan Kenneth is a lawyer and naturalist and wrote a book on hunting mountain goat and Jan works for Mobil Oil. They have two children, Blake and another child about 7 years younger.
Iris Laing (b.Feb 1915)was a nurse who lived in Toronto and married Kenneth Walker (1919-1995) and they lived in Toronto and had five children: 1.Ron who married Joan Barr and have a daughter, Jessica born in 1985, but they are now divorced Ron came and stayed with me years ago, back in the 1970's; 2. Bruce (1948-1974) who died aged 25; 3. Pamela (b.1.11/50) who married Gary Wolf (b.1947) and they have three children Michael b.1981; Alanna (b.1984); and Kristian (b.1986)4. Peter who is a postman and good at house renovation, married Judy Litweiler, and they have three children, Jennifer b.1982, Jarrett b. 1985, and Kelsey b. 1988. 5. Barbara b.1958 who married John Ireland. She designs carpets and he makes furniture and they have three children: Shannon b.1988, Caitlin b.1991, and David b.1992.

11.Edith May Paynter, my grandmother, was born in 1889. She enjoyed her childhood in Alnwick and went to Newcastle Art College. In 1913 she married Dr.William Mitchell Turner Wilson, a G.P. who was practising at Arrochar, Loch Long, which is where my mother, Helen Turner Wilson, was born. The family came down to London where Willie's brother, Bertie, was working as Medical Correspondent for the Times Newspaper, and Willie went on to establish a large general practice in the Harrow area and was also the doctor for the Sandersons Wallpaper factory at Perivale, Middlesex. When he was young William was a tall, dark-haired man with strong features. He was born in Glasgow, the son of a sugar broker and he and his brother, Bertie, studied medicine at Glasgow University. He went to Egypt during the First World War and when he returned he had put on weight and had lost much of his hair. Edith was very fond of him. They had three children:

Helen Turner Wilson, who married John Thomas Caldwell, an Australian engineer, who had been married previously to Constance Hollitt by who he had three children: Joan Constance Caldwell, Frederick , and Elizabeth Mary Caldwell. These three all married and had children.

With Helen John Caldwell had two more children, Ian William Robert Caldwell, (the writer of this family history), and Catherine Caldwell, both of whom have married and had children, more of which later.
Edith and Willie's second child was Dr.Ian Henry Turner Wilson
, a Doctor of Medicine like his father, who joined him in the practice, then married Elizabeth Mary Caldwell, his brother-in-law's daughter, by whom he had four children: Michael, Susan, William and James. Michael, Susan and James have all had children, more of which later. They all live in Australia.

The last child of Edith and William was Elizabeth Margaret Ross who married Alfred Ross and they had three daughters: Carol Elizabeth Ross, Vivien Ross and Roberta Ross, who all married and Carol Elizabeth and Vivien have children, more of which later.

12. Olive Stackhouse Paynter born in 1893, married Barclay Henry, a friend of William Wilson's and they lived at Arrochar, Loch Long, Dumbartonshire, Scotland. Barclay Henry was a marine artist and he and Olive had two daughters, Elizabeth and Heather.
Elizabeth married a Polish airman called Jan Mangold, but the marriage didn't last. She then married Patrick Barry and they had two children, Stephen and Julia, who now both live in Canada, as does their mother. Stephen is married to Nancy and has two sons, Shawn (24) and Ryan (21). His mother is now his next door neighbour.Julia has two sons from her first marriage to Brian Huchinson, Patrick(25) and Michael(22).She is now married to Bruce Bowser and they have two daughters,Jennifer(10)and Robyn(7). Pat Barry died and Elizabeth married again, to Kenneth Pitt-Jones, the last remaining descendent of William Pitt.
Heather Henry married James McTavish (Jimmie) and they live in Arrochar. They have three children: Vivien, James and Cherry and Cherry has a son called Titus.



John of Gaunt, duke of Lancaster, 1340-1399, married(1)Blanche of Lancaster (1341-1367); (2) Constance of Castile (m.1371); and (3) Catherine Swinford, (1340-1403), daughter of Payne Roelt, who had long been his mistress, and whose sister, Philippa, was married to Geoffrey Chaucer.John of Gaunt was the forth son of Edward III, born in Ghent, hence his name. His son Henry, by his first wife, Blanche of Lancaster, became Henry IV in 1399 when he deposed his cousin Richard II. In 1382 John of Gaunt claimed the throne of Castile by right of his second wife, Constance, the elder of the two daughters, and heiress of King Pedro “The Cruel” of Castile, and spent several years fruitlessly trying to win the crown. Gaunt was generally supportive of the young king, Richard II, but was away at the Scottish border when his Palace of the Savoy in London was burnt down during the Peasants Revolt in June 1381. In 1386 John left England with a strong force to win the Spanish throne and his absence abroad allowed opponents of the regime free reign. He landed at Corunna and in the autumn conquered Galicia. John’s daughter, Philippa, married the King of Portugal, and the Portuguese entered and alliance with John and together they invaded Castile, but without success, sickness ruining the English Army. He compromised with Juan of Castile by agreeing to marry his daughter, Catherine, by Constance, to Juan’s heir, Henry, later Henry III of Castile, and peace was concluded at Bayonne in 1389. John’s brother, Edmund, Duke of York, (1341-1402) was married to Isabella (c.1355-c.1392), daughter of Pedro I, king of Castile, and sister of Constance, wife of John of Gaunt. Their son, Richard Plantagenet, Earl of Cambridge (1376-1415) was the father of Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York.On his return from Spain, Richard II welcomed his uncle and created him Duke of Aquitaine. In 1394 his wife, Constance, died and John married his mistress of many years, Catherine Swynford, and his children by her, who bore the name Beaufort, were now legitimised. He died on 3rd February 1399 and was buried at St.Paul’s Cathedral near the high altar.

Joan Beaufort (c.1379-1440), daughter of John of Gaunt and Catherine, married (2)Ralph Neville (c.1364-1425). Joan played a leading role in various poetic and intellectual movements as she grew older, and patronised Hoccleve. Her first husband was Sir Robert Ferrers. Her marriage to Ralph Neville made her Countess of Westmorland. Ralph was 6th Baron Neville of Raby and Ist Earl of Westmorland. He was knighted by Thomas of Woodstock, afterwards Duke of Gloucester, during the French expedition of 1380 and succeeded to his father’s barony in 1388. His second wife, Joan Beaufort, was half sister to Henry of Lancaster, afterwards Henry IV, who he joined on his landing in Yorkshire in 1399. He already held the castles of Raby, Brancepeth, Middleham and Sheriff Hutton when he received from Henry IV, the honour and lordship of Richmond for life. The only rivals of the Nevilles in the north were the Percies, whose power was broken at Shrewsbury in 1403; and the wardship of the west marches was now assigned to Westmorland, whose influence was also paramount in the east. Ralph died on 21st October 1425.

Lady Cicely Neville (1415-1495), daughter of and daughter Joan and Ralph, married Richard, Duke of York (1411-1460), the son of Richard Earl of Cambridge, (son of Edmund, Duke of York and grandson of Edward III). In 1454 Richard was appointed Protector of England during the metal incapacity of Henry VI. In 1455 he was dismissed by Somerset, the king's first minister, when the king recovered, but when his entreaties to the king were ignored he raised an army and defeated the king’s Lancastrian forces at the first Battle of St.Albans, a battle he did not relish and he tried to negotiate a settlement before fighting, but Somerset would not listen. This battle marked the start of the Wars of the Roses and during it the Lancastrian leader, the duke of Somerset, was killed. Richard now seemed to be reconciled with the King. When another bout of madness struck Henry in November 1455, Richard was again made Protector, but was again dismissed in February 1456. Since Henry was still incapable of governing his Queen, Margaret, now took charge. She despised the haughtiness of York and encouraged the new duke of Somerset, Henry Beaufort, against him. Now the two houses of York and Lancaster were set against eachother in deadly earnest, with Richard Neville earl of Salisbury and his son, Richard Neville, earl of Warwick on the Yorkist side, against the Lancastrians under the figurehead of Henry VI, but really led by Margaret of Anjou, supported by Somerset and Henry Percy, the third earl of Northumberland. With the battle of Ludlow the war began in earnest. At the battle the Yorkists were routed and Richard fled to Wales and then to Ireland, while his supporters sought refuge in Calais. The following year the supporters in Calais returned and defeated the Lancastrians at Northampton and Richard of York returned to England. He formally placed his claim to the throne before parliament in September 1460. The following month his right was acknowledged and he was declared heir to the throne in place of Henry’s son, Edward. Henry, his mind failing rapidly, agreed, but his Queen, Margaret of Anjou, did not. She raised a further army in the north and met the Yorkists at Wakefield on 30th December. Richard, Duke of York, was killed in the battle, while Salisbury was captured and murdered. Richard’s head was put up on the gates of York with a paper crown.Margaret then marched on London, defeating the earl of Warwick at St.Albans early in 1461, but Warwick managed to recruit another army, together with Richard’s son, Edward, and they marched on London in triumph in March 1461. Here Edward declared himself King (Edward IV). His forces marched north, following the retreating army of Henry and Margaret, and the two clashed at Towton, near Tadcaster in Yorkshire. There, in the middle of a snowstorm, the Lancastrian army was defeated. Henry and Margaret fled to Scotland, where they were given refuge by the young king, James III. Edward was soon after crowned King of England.Lady Cicely Neville long outlived her husband, spending much of her time at Fotheringay and contributing generously to its buildings. When she married she was known as “The Rose of Raby”. Dame Cicely died in 1495 and was buried in the Fotheringay Chapel, next to her husband. She was a devout lady who liked, even while eating, to listen to devotional works, one of which was a treatise by Walter Hilton, the English mystic, on the contrasting merits of the active and the devotional life. The duchess was the benefactor of the Carthusians and also has a special interest in the Bridgettines of Syon, naming a grandchild (as godmother), Bridgit, after their founder, St.Bridgit of Sweden.

Anne Plantaganet, sister of king Edward IV and king Richard III, and daughter of Cecily and Richard, was born at Fotheringay Castle on 10th August 1439. She would have spent her childhood at Ludlow Castle in Shropshire Her first husband was Henry Holland whom she married in about 1447. Unfortunately her husband was a supporter of the Lancastrian side in the Wars of the Roses and went in to exile on the Continent, so it was not surprising that they divorced and she married Thomas St.Leger (1419-1483) an esquire of the body of her brother, Edward IV, who had become her lover. She retained her first husband’s estates. Anne died before her brother, the king, on 14th January 1476 soon after the birth of her daughter. Sir Thomas was born at Ulcombe in Kent and rose against Richard Plantaganet, his late wife’s brother, in 1483, trying to rescue Edward V from the clutches of his ambitious uncle. Richard had him arrested and he was executed without trial, along with the other plotters, in November 1483 at Exeter, Devon. In the Rutland Chapel of St.George’s Chapel, Windsor there is a silver gilt memorial plaque to Sir Thomas St.Lager and his wife Anne.

Anne St.Leger daughter of Anne and Sir Thomas, (1476-1526) married Sir George Manners, Lord Ros, (12th Baron Ros or Roos) (1470-1513).Anne never knew her mother, but through her had become a great heiress, and her father was executed when she was about 6 or 7. I wonder who looked after her and brought her up? Before her marriage her husband Sir George Manners had become 12th Baron Ros of Hamlake on the death of his mother in 1487. George’s mother was the eldest sister and co-heiress of Edmund, 11th Lord Ros of Hamlake, Triesbut and Belvoir. Sir George, her son, was a distinguished soldier and was knighted by the earl of Surrey on the Scottish expedition of 1497 when he was 27. He died at the siege of Tournay on 12th October 1513 at the age of 43, and effigies of Sir George and his wife lie on top of their tomb in the Rutland Chapel at St.George’s Chapel, Windsor.

Thomas Manners, Ist Earl of Rutland (1492-1543), son of Anne and Sir George, married Eleanor Paston, daughter of Sir William Paston of Paston Hall, Norfolk.On 22nd June 1513, a few months before the death of his father at Tournay, Thomas landed at Calais on the French expedition, and became baron Ros on his father’s death in October. He was summoned to parliament in 1515 and was at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520 and also at Henry VIII’s meeting with Charles V afterwards. In December 1521 he became cup-bearer to the king and in January 1522 was made steward to Pickering, Yorkshire. From April to October 1522 he held the appointment of Warden of the East Marches. He also received the Wardenship of Sherwood Forest on 12th July 1524, an office which was to become practically hereditary in his family. He was knighted on 24th April 1525 and on the 18th June that year was made Earl of Rutland. He was a great favourite of Henry VIII and had many grants, including the keepership of Enfield Chase, which was given to him on 12th July 1526.On 11th October 1532 he landed with Henry in France. He was at the coronation of Anne Boleyn in 1533 and later took part in her trial. He was actively engaged in meeting the troubles of 1536. He held a joint command with the Earls of Huntingdon and Shrewsbury and marched to Nottingham and thence to Newark, Southall and Doncaster against the northern rebels. He was steward of many monasteries and from various ancestors had claims by way of foundation on certain of the houses. Hence, when the dissolution came he received numerous grants of monastic property. In leicestershire he obtained Charley, Garradon, and, by exchange, Croxton; in Yorkshire - Beverley, Warter, and Rievaulx by exchange. With Robert Tyrwhit he took Belvoir, Eagle and Kyme in Lincolnshire, and Nunholme in Yorkshire.When Anne of Cleves came to England Rutland was appointed her lord chamberlain and met her at Shooters Hill after her unfortunate interview with the king at Rochester. In 1542 he became constable of Nottingham Castle. He went to the border again on 7th August 1542 as warden of the marches, but he was recalled on becoming ill in November the same year. From Newark on Trent he wrote on 7th November to the council of the North: As God knows, I ame in a poyur and febyll estat.” he died on 20th September 1543.When not at Belvoir, which he repaired and turned from a fortress into a dwelling house, he seems to have lived at the old Benedictine nunnery of Holywell in Shoreditch, London. A portrait by an unknown artist is at Belvoir. he married first, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Robert Lovel; and secondly, Eleanor, daughter of Sir William Paston. By his second wife he had five sons and six daughters. His eldest son, Henry, succeeded him in the title.The Pastons of Norfolk are notable for their correspondence and the “Paston Letters” were published in six volumes in 1904, edited by J.Gairdner, and are a valuable historical source for the Mediaeval period. The Pastons were a family who rose from the agricultural class through acquiring professional skill.

Frances Manners, daughter of Thomas and Eleanor, married Henry Neville, Lord Abergavenny, (1527-1587) of Berling Place, Kent. He served at the trial of Mary Queen of Scots in 1586. Henry’s father, Sir George Neville (1471?-1535), was Larderer to the Household at the coronation of Henry VIII and had been a favourite of Henry VII.

Mary Elizabeth Neville their daughter, (died 1626) married Sir Thomas Fane (d.1589) of Badsell Manor, Kent. Mary became Baroness Le Despencer in 1604. Sir Thomas was a politician. As a youth Thomas Fane was involved in Sir Thomas Wyatt’s rebellion, which was against the proposed marriage of Mary to Philip of Spain and began in Kent on 25th January 1554. He was captured and committed prisoner in the Tower on a charge of high treason, with a warrant issued for his execution. (Princess Elizabeth was also shut up in the Tower for a while at this time). But Queen Mary, pitied his youth and pardoned him on 18th March 1554. A week later he was released and restored to his estate. Some 19 years later he was knighted at Dover Castle on 26th August 1573 by Robert Dudley, earl of Leicester, in the presence of Queen Elizabeth. In November 1580 he was appointed deputy-commissioner within the County of Kent for the increase and breed of horses, and for the keeping of horses and geldings to service. When the Armada was expected he did good service in the disposing of forces along the coast of Kent. He died on 13th March 1589. He was married first to Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Colpeper (or Culpeper) of Bedgebury, Kent, who died childless; and secondly, on 12th December 1574, at Birling, Kent, to Lady Mary Elizabeth Neville, sole daughter and heiress of Henry, baron Abergavenny, by whom he had numerous issue. In her right he became possessed of the castle and manor of Mereworth, Kent. His widow, by letters patent bearing a date at Westminster on 25th May 1604, was restored to the name, style and dignity of Baroness le Despencer, and to the heirs of her body, with the ancient seat, place and precendry of her ancestors. She died on 26th June 1626 and was buried with her husband at Mereworth.

Sir Francis Fane, their son, (1579-1628) married Mary Mildmay (1583-1640)Francis was knighted at the coronation of James I on 15th July 1603, and was advanced to the titles of Baron Berghersh and Earl of Westmorland on 29th December 1624. He was created Lord le Despencer on his mother’s death in 1626 but died on 23rd March 1628 aged 45. His wife, Mary was the daughter of Sir Anthony Mildmay, (d.1617) the eldest son of Sir Walter Mildmay, (1520?-1589) Queen Elizabeth’s Chancellor, and Mary Walsingham (the sister of Sir Francis Walsingham, Secretary of State). Sir Walter was the founder of Emanuel College, Cambridge and was one of the special commissioners in the trial of Mary Queen of Scots. Mary’s father, Sir Anthony Mildmay, was the eldest son and inherited the family estate of Apethorpe. For a time he was Ambassador at Paris. Mary’s mother, Grace, was the daughter and co-heiress of Sir Henry Sherrington of Laycock in Wiltshire. Mary was the only child of Sir Anthony and Grace, so was the heiress of Apethorpe Hall, Northamptonshire.

Lady Elizabeth Fane (1610-1669) married(1) Sir John Cope, third baronet, and after his death,(2) Colonel William Cope of Icomb. Her second husband obtained the Manor of Icomb, near Stow on the Wold, in 1654. A memorial plaque at the church of St.Mary the Virgin at Icomb commemorates these two & the bottom of the inscription reads: “Lady Elizabeth deceased ye 10th day of October Anno Dom 1669. The sd. Will Cope dyed the 7th day of August 1691, who left 33 pounds per annum to poores uses in Icomb and Stow out of lands in his manor of Icomb, Anno Aetas Sue 79.”

Elizabeth Cope, their daughter, (b.1635), married Thomas Geers of Marsh, Shropshire and was his second wife. Thomas Geers enriched his family by his marriages to heiresses. Thomas, was a Bencher of the Inner Temple, Deputy High Steward of Hereford and MP for Hereford in 1685. When called to the dignity of the coif he gave rings with the posy “Deus-Lex-Rex”.

Elizabeth Geers of Icomb, their daughter, married William Gregory (1676-1702), of How Caple, Hereford in 1698, when he was 22 but her husband died on 23rd April 1702 aged 26. William’s grandfather, Sir William Gregory (1624-1696) of Hill House, Woolhope, was a judge and entered Parliament becoming Speaker of the House in 1679, but soon was appointed one of the Barons of the Exchequer and was knighted by Charles II in 1679. He bought the manors and estates of How Caple and Sollers Hope in 1677 and the manor of Fownhope in 1681.

William Gregory (d.1765), their son, married Susannah Brydges of Tyberton Court, Hereford, daughter of William Brydges Esq. and Susannah Noel, daughter an co-heir of Edward Noel of the Inner Temple, who died 1st April 1723. William Gregory was a Sergeant-at -Law and was the owner of his hereditary estates for a period of 63 years, his father having died when he was only 2. He died on Nov 17th 1765 aged 65.

Anne Gregory (1729-1780), their daughter, married Edward Acton (1724-1775) of Acton Scott, near Church Stretton in Shropshire. Edward Acton was the son of the Reverend John Acton DD, vicar of Clun, Shropshire and his wife, Beatrice Fleming. Edward Acton inherited the Acton Scott estate.

Susannah Acton (1754-1834) married John Stackhouse (1742-1819)Susannah was an only child and heiress of the Sollershope and How Caple estates in Herefordshire and part of the manor of Icomb in Gloucestershire. John Stackhouse was born at Trehane, Cornwall in 1742, the son of Rev.William Stackhouse DD, rector of St.Erme, Cornwall (d.1771) and his wife, Catherine Williams, daughter of John Williams and Catherine Courtenay (who was descended from Hugh de Courtenay, 1st Earl of Devon). On 20th June 1758 John Stackhouse matriculated from Exeter College, Oxford and was elected to a fellowship of the College in 1761 but left the University when he succeeded to the Pendaves property in Cornwall in 1763. He travelled abroad for two or three years studying marine biology around the Mediterranean. His particular interest was in th study of seaweed. Returning home he divided his time between the Pendarves estates and St.Erme. Shortly before Christmas 1772 he met and fell in love with Susanna Acton, the only daughter of Edward Acton of Acton Scott in Shropshire. Early in 1773 he and Susanna took a boat out to St.Michael’s Mount and while they were there decided to build a house on the coast between Perranuthnoe and Cuddon Point, partly for the view and partly so that John Stackhouse could pursue his study of seaweed. He married Susanna on 21at April 1773 and the couple lived in their large Georgian mansion where John pursued his interest in Botany. About 1775 he erected Acton Castle at Perranuthnoe. He was one of the early fellows of the Linnean Society, being elected in 1795. He sold the Manor of Icomb estate in 1807. He died at his house at 4 Edgar Buildings, Bath, on 22nd November 1819. The manors and estates passed to the children of their daughter Anne.

Anne Gregory Stackhouse (1785-1862) married Rev Thomas Bernard Coleman MA (1782-1818) Anne and her husband would have lived at the Old Rectory, Church Stretton, as her husband was the rector of St.Lawrence’s Church from 1807 until his premature death in 1818 at the age of 36. I have a silver spoon inscribed with the initials TBC and hallmarked London 1812 which must have belonged to him. I was likewise given a portrait of Anne Gregory Coleman by my Aunt Betty.

Catherine Augusta Coleman(1811-1880) married (1)Francis Paynter of Clarence House Penzance (1798-1863) and (2) Edwin Newman of Hendford Manor, Yeovil in 1876.Francis was a lawyer and judge of the Hundred Court etc., but evidently got into financial trouble latterly, for he went bankrupt and it is said that he appropriated money belonging to the estate.

Henry Augustus Paynter (1846-1919) married Henrietta Newman (d.1914) in 1867 and they had 12 children, 8 girls and 4 boys. Henry was born on 2nd April 1846, probably in Marazion, Cornwall. He practiced as a solicitor in Alnwick, one of his clients being the Duke of Northumberland who allowed the family the use of his grounds as he had given them a key to the gate. The Percy Hunt would meet in front of Henry’s house, Freelands, and my grandmother enjoyed following the hunt and was delighted when she was given the brush.Henry had a half share in the Shilbottle Coalmine. He and his brother, John, both had beards and both liked country pursuits. At first the family were relatively well off, but Henry stood surety for a man who defaulted and also lost money which he put up for one of his sons on a sawmill that burnt down. With twelve children to support the families fortunes declined. Henrietta was concerned for the poor and produced coins for “penny Dinners” which were distributed to those in need. They could be redeemed for food at Alnwick Cocoa Rooms. She also rented a house in Alnmouth to be used as a Fisherman’s rest, where fishermen away from home could have a comfortable refuge and some family furniture and the billiard table were sent down to Alnmouth for these men - (my grandmother regretted the billiard table going). Henry died on 16th May 1919 and was buried at Lufton, Somerset. His mother, Catherine, married his wife’s father, Edwin Newman, after their spouses had both died, in 1876, which was how his brother, Bernard, came to inherit Hendford Manor.

Edith May Paynter (1889-1982) married in 1913 to Dr.William Mitchell Turner Wilson (1882-1955) whose brother, Dr.Robert McNair Wilson (Bertie) had married Edith’s sister, Winifred (Winnie). The two brothers, both medical doctors, were good friends. Both had qualified at Glasgow University. At first William practiced as a GP in Scotland and was working at Arrochar, Loch Long, when their first child, Helen, was born. Then William decided to follow his brother and move down to London where a better living could be made, so their next child, Ian Henry Turner, was born while they were living in Golders Green. Their last child, Elizabeth Margaret, was born while they lived at Hendon, and they eventually settled at Rhonallea, 351 Harrow Road, Sudbury, Middlesex. Helen’s future husband came to live next door with his wife and three children and when his wife, Connie, died he sent his three children Joan Constance, Frederick and Elizabeth Mary, back to his mother in Australia on the last ship to go there at the start of the 1939-45 World War.

Helen Turner Wilson born 1914, married John Thomas Caldwell (1901-1970)Helen left school at the age of 14 to go to Harrow Art School studying a general art course for three years but had to leave early as the family ran into financial difficulties during the 1930’s slum and could not afford a maid any longer, so Helen helped her mother in the home, attending at college evening classes when she found an aptitude for clay modelling. She then taught infants for a year, which she enjoyed before going into nursing at University College Hospital. She passed the six week theory course, with an exam at the end of each week. The hours that nurses had to work then were very long, 8 am to 8 pm and the work was very demanding. Eventually she became very ill with scarlet fever, then suffered with a septic finger, so left general nursing. She went to St.George’s Hospital at Hyde Park Corner for a while, working in Physiotherapy, using electro-medical equipment, but did not enjoy this so left and studied shorthand and typing. She then returned to teaching but war broke out so she joined the ATS and drove lorries around the country for about two years. It was while she was on leave from this that she met my father, the man next door, who was now a widower. They married on 16th August 1941.

John Caldwell was born in Richmond, Melbourne, Australia, the eldest son of an engineer and inventor. He was the eldest of the seven children but had an older half sister, whom he never realised was his sister until he was grown up. She was always known as “Auntie Lizzie” and lived with her mother all her life. The other children were - Frederick, Robert, Linda, Alma, Thomas and William. John left school at 14 and started working in tailoring while his father was away in England trying to sell his machine gun to the British Army, which he nearly succeeded in doing. When he returned to Australia he took John out of tailoring and got him to work with him in engineering, in which he was to remain for the rest of his life.John and Helen had two children, Ian and Catherine (b.4/11/45)

Ian William Robert Caldwell, born 22nd July 1942 married (1) Anna Jadwiga Zofia Korzen, b.15/3/44 by who he had three children, Anthony Mark b.21/10/63, Sasha Karen b. 31/7/65, and Jonathan Stephen Tristram, b.10/12/67, married (2) Gabrielle MacPhedran, b.13/10/41, by whom he had three children, Christopher Edward b.15/11/72; Toby John b.16/5/74; and Nemone Catherine b.19/9/77; and married (3) Gillian Candlish Willment, nee Tribe, b. 5/4/39 by whom he had two step children, Victoria Ruth b. 1/1/68; and James Thornton Robert b.25/3/72.

And now a new generation have started to arrive, Jonathan has married Candace Fleming and they have Arran Fleming, (6/3/97), Francis Bruno(12/1/99) and Lucian Fleming (b.30/6/2000), and Toby married Lisette Cohen and they have a daughter, Lila May,(b.26/3/99); and James and Nicole Katerina Zach have a daughter, Yasmine Aisha born 2/2/2000.